All about Renewable Resources


When it comes to matters concerning sources of energy, the issue of sustainability is always a concern. The available resources must provide enough power to fulfill our requirements, such as providing heat for our homes, supplying electricity to our communities, and fuel for our vehicles. However, it is equally essential to consider how these resources may be utilized over a more extended period.¬† Some of the resources get regenerated naturally over time. These are what are referred to as “renewable resources.” Clean energy is produced by renewable resources, which means there is less pollution and fewer emissions of greenhouse gases, both of which contribute to climate change.

What Are Renewable Resources?

The term “renewable energy” refers to the power that comes from natural resources that can be regenerated faster than they are used. For instance, sun and wind are two examples of such sources that are continually being refilled. Renewable energy is abundant and may be found all around us. This is the renewable resources definition.

On the other hand, fossil fuels, which include coal, oil, and gas, are resources that do not regenerate and instead require hundreds of millions to billions of years to create. In addition, when fossil fuels are used to produce energy, they release dangerous greenhouse gases such as carbon dioxide and other pollutants into the atmosphere.

Producing electricity from a renewable source of energy results in far fewer greenhouse gas emissions than burning fossil fuels. The shift away from fossil fuels, which are responsible for the lion’s share of emissions at the moment, and toward renewable energy sources is essential to finding a solution to the climate catastrophe.

Understanding Renewable Resources

A resource is said to be renewable if it can undergo replenishment on an ongoing basis. This means that there is an infinite supply of help. For example, the sun, the wind, and the heat generated by geothermal activity are all renewable resources since they are not regarded as depletable.

Because it can be replenished by precipitation, water is also considered a renewable source of energy. However, the shifting weather patterns have made it clear that water conservation activities are necessary to safeguard available supplies.

Even if it takes time and work to replenish other natural resources, this kind of resource is still regarded as renewable. In addition, since most precious metals can be reused, they are regarded as part of the renewable resource category. It is possible to recycle them since their extraction and usage do not result in their being destroyed.

In contrast to renewable resources, once they have been used up, nonrenewable resources can not be replaced. The demand for renewable resources is expected to rise as the global population keeps expanding, and limited resources will continue to become more scarce.

Sources of Energy 

All energy sources have some influence on our ecosystem. This includes the pollution of air and water, damage to public health, loss of wildlife and habitat, water use, land use, and emissions that contribute to global warming. However, renewable sources such as wind, sun, geothermal, biomass, and hydropower influence the surrounding ecosystem, and some of these impacts are more substantial than others.

The precise nature and magnitude of the environmental repercussions will differ from one application of a given technology to another, depending on the geographical region and other variables. However, suppose we understand the current and potential environmental problems associated with each type of renewable source of energy. In that case, we will be able to take measures to effectively avoid or minimize these problems as renewable energy sources become a more significant portion of our electric supply.

Energy is required to power the appliances that provide heat and light in our homes and those utilized for transportation and producing various goods. The generation of electricity is the most critical use for the many forms of energy available. These various energy sources are combined to create a reservoir of electrical power distributed to multiple sites around the country via high-powered wires.

There are 9 main sources of energy:

  • Solar energy
  • Wind energy
  • Geothermal energy
  • Hydrogen energy
  • Tidal energy
  • Wave energy
  • Hydroelectric energy
  • Biomass energy
  • Nuclear power energy

Solar energy

When you realize that enough energy to satisfy the demands of the world’s population for an entire year’s electricity is sent from the sun to earth in only one hour, you can see how enormous the potential is for the sun to fulfill our power requirements. Nevertheless, the obstacle that has always persisted is figuring out how to tap into and use this enormous potential.

At this time, we heat buildings with solar energy, warm water with it, and utilize it to power our electronic gadgets. Solar cells, also known as photovoltaic (PV) cells, harvest sun rays and convert them into usable electricity. These cells convert light from the sun into energy and have the potential to provide power for anything from a single garden light to a whole neighborhood. In addition, solar panels installed on a home’s roof may be used to generate electricity. Still, more considerable power can be generated through community initiatives and solar farms that use mirrors to focus the sun’s rays. These solar farms, also known as “photovoltaics,” present another alternative for installing solar panels. Solar farms may also be formed in bodies of water.

Wind energy

Wind farms use turbines to harness the kinetic energy of the blowing wind and transform it into usable electrical power. There are many different kinds of systems that can convert wind energy, and each one is different from the others. On the other hand, single wind turbines augment the energy production of already-established energy organizations. Commercial-grade wind-powered producing systems may provide electricity to a wide variety of organizations. Another kind is utility-scale wind farms, which may be bought on a contract or in wholesale quantities. In a technical sense, wind energy may be thought of as a kind of solar energy. The wind is a weather phenomenon created by temperature variations in the atmosphere, the earth’s rotation, and the planet’s topography working together.

Geothermal energy

Geothermal energy uses the thermal energy that may be extracted from the earth’s interior. Wells and other methods are sometimes used to harvest heat from geothermal reserves.

The naturally hot and permeable reservoirs are referred to as hydrothermal reservoirs. On the other hand, enhanced geothermal systems are the name given to pools that are already suitably hot but have increased their heat by hydraulic stimulation.

When they reach the surface, fluids with temperatures of varying degrees may be utilized to create energy. The technology used to generate power from hydrothermal reservoirs is mature. It has been in operation for more than a century. This ensures that it is dependable.

Hydrogen energy

When used in a fuel cell, hydrogen is an environmentally friendly fuel that leaves behind just water as a byproduct. Hydrogen may be created using various domestic resources, including natural gas, nuclear power, biomass, and renewable energy sources such as solar and wind power. Because of these characteristics, it is a promising candidate for use as a fuel in the transportation and energy-generating industries. It has various applications, including usage in automobiles and homes, as a portable power source, and in many other contexts. Hydrogen is a kind of energy carrier used to store, transport, and transmit energy supplied by other sources. It can do all these things because it can carry fuel.

Today, a few different routes may be used to manufacture hydrogen fuel. Reforming natural gas using heat is now the most popular technique, followed by electrolysis as the second most frequent way. Other processes include those that are driven by the sun and biological systems. The steam reformation process is commonly used in thermal processes to generate hydrogen. This is a high-temperature process in which steam combines with a hydrocarbon fuel to create hydrogen. Hydrocarbon fuels, such as natural gas, diesel, renewable liquid fuels, gasified coal, or gasified biomass, may be converted into hydrogen via reformation. In modern times, the steam reformation of natural gas accounts for around 95% of all hydrogen production.

Tidal energy

Another kind of hydropower, tidal energy, generates power by harnessing the rotational force of the ocean’s tides twice daily to turn turbine generators. Although tidal flow, unlike other forms of hydroelectricity, is not a constant, it is very predictable. It can thus make up for times when the tide current is low. Again, this is in contrast to other forms of hydroelectricity.

Wave energy

Wave power is the process of harnessing the kinetic energy of ocean waves to do beneficial labor, such as producing electricity, desalinating water, or pumping water. A wave energy converter is any device that draws electricity from the ocean’s waves (WEC).

The movement of wind over the water’s surface causes waves to form. Energy may be transmitted from the current to the waves as long as they travel slower than the wind speed immediately above them. Shear stress and wave development are caused by air pressure changes on a wave crest’s windward and leeward sides. Surface friction from the wind also contributes to this phenomenon.

Wave power is not the same as tidal power, which uses the energy of the current created by the sun and the moon’s gravitational pull to generate electricity. Instead, the ocean’s waves cause wave power. Other factors, including breaking waves, wind, the Coriolis effect, cabbeling, and changes in temperature and salinity, may also be responsible for the formation of currents. The waves may be bent or focused into a tight channel to enhance their size and strength, spinning the turbines that create electricity. This is one method for harnessing the energy of waves. Directing waves into a catch basin or reservoir is also possible, where the water flows to a turbine located at a lower elevation. This method functions like that of a hydroelectric dam.

Hydroelectric power

To generate electricity, hydroelectric power functions in a way that is similar to that of wind power in that it is utilized to spin the turbine blades of a generator. It is common practice in several nations to generate electricity using hydropower, which revolves around its turbine blades with the help of swiftly flowing water from rivers or waterfalls. It is now the most crucial form of renewable energy in the United States, even though wind energy is quickly gaining ground.

Even while hydroelectric dams provide renewable energy, one should not automatically consider them “green” energy sources. The construction of many bigger “mega-dams” necessitates the diversion of natural water sources, which has a detrimental effect on human and animal populations since it restricts their ability to use the water supply. However, since they only redirect a tiny portion of the total water flow, smaller hydroelectric power facilities (those with a capacity of 40 megawatts or less) do not have the same disastrous impacts on the surrounding ecology when adequately controlled.

Biomass energy

For the generation of heat and electricity as well as liquid biofuels, bioenergy may be derived from a wide range of organic materials, which are collectively referred to as biomass. Some renewable resources examples of these resources are wood, charcoal, dung, and other types of manure. Most cooking, lighting, and space heating done with biomass is done in rural regions, often by people of lower socioeconomic status in developing nations. Dedicated crops or trees, leftovers from agriculture and forestry, and diverse organic waste streams comprise modern biomass systems.

The production of energy by the combustion of biomass results in the release of greenhouse gases; however, these emissions are far lower than those produced through the combustion of fossil fuels such as coal, oil, or gas. However, considering the potential for adverse environmental effects linked to large-scale expansions in forest and bioenergy plantings, as well as the ensuing deforestation and changes in land use, the use of bioenergy should be restricted to a small number of applications at most.

Nuclear energy

The nucleus, which is the center of an atom and is composed of protons and neutrons, is the source of nuclear energy, a sort of energy that may be released from the nucleus. This kind of energy may be generated in one of two ways: by the process of fission, which occurs when the nuclei of atoms split into numerous portions, or through the process of fusion, which occurs when nuclei fuse.

The technology to create electricity from nuclear fusion is still in the research and development phase. Still, nuclear fission is the method that is now being used to harness nuclear energy all over the globe to produce power. In contrast to coal, oil, and gas power plants, nuclear power facilities emit very little to no carbon dioxide (CO2) during the operation of their generators, making nuclear power a source of energy with a minimal carbon footprint. The world’s nuclear reactors provide nearly one-third of the carbon-free power used, making them an essential component in the fight against climate change.

Threats to Renewable Resources

Developments and expansion in the industrial sector that are not controlled jeopardize renewable resources. They need vigilant management to prevent surpassing the ability of the natural world to replace them, which would be detrimental. Evaluating a product’s life cycle offers a systematic approach to determining its renewability. This issue relates to the natural environment’s capacity for long-term sustainability.


This kind of fishing, which involves dragging heavy nets over the ocean bottom, causes an annual release of one gigatonne of CO2 into the ocean, equivalent to the emissions produced by all of the world’s airplanes combined. Some species of tuna, such as the bluefin tuna, are in danger due to excessive fishing for tuna meat. The government of India, the European Union, and some other organizations are exerting control over fisheries to protect species and prevent the possibility of their extinction.

The critical areas for action that need to be taken all over the globe have been pinpointed by scientists on a global map to maximize the advantages to both people and the environment. Overfishing, caused by humans competing for the same natural resources, is one of the factors leading to the decline of penguin numbers. We mustn’t disturb the carbon-rich seafloor if we hope to reverse the effects of global warming successfully. Furthermore, we must protect our oceans by addressing the three issues shaping up to be the most significant challenges of this century: biodiversity loss, climate change, and inadequate food supplies.


In addition to their use as a source of fuel and building materials, trees play an essential role in protecting the environment because of their ability to absorb carbon dioxide and produce oxygen. The destruction of rainforests is one of the key contributors to the current state of the climate. Because of the loss of forests, there is a continued presence of carbon dioxide in the air. When carbon dioxide is released into the atmosphere over time, it forms a layer that may absorb and store the sun’s rays. Radiation is converted into heat, contributing to the greenhouse effect, another name for global warming.

Additionally, the water cycle is influenced by deforestation in other ways. The quantity of water found in the soil and the groundwater, in addition to the amount of moisture in the atmosphere, is reduced. In addition, the soil’s cohesiveness is reduced due to deforestation, which leads to erosion, flooding, and landslides.

The rainforest is home to many plant and animal species, which support humans with food and other essential resources. In this sense, the use of biofuels may not be sustainable since their production may contribute to the destruction of forests. However, successful forest management technologies will be used widely to shift from unsustainable logging to sustainable forest management. Although further research is required to produce sustainable forest silvicultural systems, some tried-and-true solutions might be used on a larger scale to protect forests from harm caused by logging.

Endangered species

A rising human population and excessive consumption are two factors that are contributing to an increased danger of extinction for some renewable resources, species, and creatures. It has been predicted that more than forty percent of all species inhabiting the planet are in danger of extinction. There are regulations in place in many countries to conserve animals that are hunted and to restrict the activity of hunting.


As the earth’s supply of nonrenewable resources continues to decline, it is becoming more necessary to search for the correct technique for employing renewable resources. Furthermore, switching to renewable sources of energy would not only make it easier to cater to the needs of the world’s constantly expanding population and make the environment cleaner and better for future generations to live in.

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